The Thing You Need To Know About A Medical Laboratory
A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.
Laboratory medicine is usually divided into two departments and each of the department will be divided into a number of units. These two departments are listed below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units included here are mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology.
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of blood cells are under this section. The two subunits in this section are the blood bank and coagulation.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. An example for this is that some health institutions will have one lab intended for microbiology while some will not have a lab for microbiology but will have different labs for each unit.
You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.
Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.